The new aluminium power cell is also much safer than existing lithium technology, can be bent and damaged, and does not catch fire.
The researchers at Stanford University in California say the battery can be recharged more often than usual batteries without losing its effectiveness.
Hongjie Dai, professor of chemistry at Stanford, said: “We have developed a rechargeable aluminium battery that may replace existing storage devices, such as alkaline batteries, which are bad for the environment, and lithium-ion batteries, which occasionally burst into flames.
“Our new battery won’t catch fire, even if you drill through it. Lithium batteries can go off in an unpredictable manner – in the air, the car or in your pocket.”
Besides safety, he said the team had transformed battery performance with “unprecedented charging times” of down to one minute being reported.
Unlike previously developed aluminium batteries, which have been reported to die after just 100 charge-discharge cycles, the Stanford prototype has been found to withstand up to 7,500 charges.